National Cued Speech Association

International Languages / Dialects

Adapting Cued Speech to Additional Languages

- by R. Orin Cornett

As of October, 1993, Cued Speech had been adapted to 56 languages and major dialects. In most of these adaptations, the writer had the assistance of one or more native speakers of the target language. In a few cases he had advice from experts on the phonetic and phonological aspects of the language in question. Other persons produced five of the adaptations (Alu, Malagasy, Maltese, Korean and Polish) with little or no guidance from the writer.

Persons other than the writer will likely produce increasing numbers A adaptations to other languages. This article is intended to provide guidance and suggestions that will facilitate such adaptations. It aims to furnish the benefit of experience gained in the original design of Cued Speech and its adaptation to 50 languages by the writer. It will summarize the following:
  1. The basic theory of Cued Speech
  2. Procedures followed in grouping the phonemes of American English in the basic version of Cued Speech
  3. Recommended procedures for adapting Cued Speech to additional languages
  4. The timing movements of Cued Speech
  5. Special problems encountered in adapting CS to various languages

List of Dialects

Afrikaans*
Alu
American English*
Amharic
Arabic*
Australian English
Bengali*
British English*
Byelorussian
Cantonese (Chinese)*
Catalan*
Croatian-Serbian
Czech
Danish*
Dutch*
Farsi (Persian)
Filipino-Tagalog*
Finnish and Finnish-Swedish
French*
French-Canadian
German*
Greek*
Gujarati
Haitian
Hausa
Hawaiian
Hebrew* (Modern)
Hindi*
Hungarian
Igbo*
Indonesian*
Italian*
Japanese*
Kiluba-Kituba
Korean*
Lingala
Malagasy
Malay*
Malayalam*
Maltese
Mandarin*
Marathi*
Navaho
Nigerian (Idoma)
Nigerian (Yoroba)
Oriya*
Polish
Portuguese (Brazilian)
Portuguese (European)
Punjabi Lahore Region
Russian*
Scottish English
Setswana*
Shona
Somali
South African English*
Spanish*
Swahili
Swedish
Swiss (German)
Telegu
Thai*
Trinidad-Tobago (English)*
Tshiluba
Turkish*
Urdu
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